Selective steam cracking for energy and raw materials savings by P. Broutin

Cover of: Selective steam cracking for energy and raw materials savings | P. Broutin

Published by Commission ofthe European Communities in Luxembourg .

Written in English

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Edition Notes

Book details

StatementP. Broutin, C. Busson.
SeriesEnergy
ContributionsBusson, C.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21116703M
ISBN 100119722569

Download Selective steam cracking for energy and raw materials savings

Natural gas steam reforming. The majority of the hydrogen produced globally derives from natural gas steam reforming, which is a well-established technology.

Natural gas solar steam reforming (Eq. []) is based on the thermal decomposition of a mixture of methane and steam.

The reaction also proceeds in parallel with the water gas shift. Advanced naphtha cracking technologies in the pyrolysis section, such Selective steam cracking for energy and raw materials savings book advanced coil and furnace materials, could together lead to up to approximately 20% savings on the process energy use by.

The energy-intensive nature of upstream chemical manufacture, from cracking to petrochemical production, gives it a huge carbon footprint. Other common large-scale processes, such. This technique has the potential to provide tremendous energy savings when compared with the currently used cryogenic distillation process for ethylene produced through steam cracking.

@article{osti_, title = {New radiant coil technology}, author = {Yonezawa, M. and Amano, T. and Maruta, T. and Wall, F.}, abstractNote = {This article demonstrates how the retrofitting of an ethylene furnace by replacing pyrolysis coils with a new design sharply improved its performance.

The revamped furnace was designed and built for aMTA (metric ton/yr) ethylene plant in the. The selective conversion of ethane into ethylene is currently being studied because of the economic impact of using natural gas and LPG`s raw materials to produce chemicals and polymers.

The available technology for the production of ethylene is the steam cracking of ethane, although it is a highly energy-intensive process. Hence, for the future rearrangement of a sustainable economy to biological raw materials, completely new approaches in research and development, production, and economy seem necessary.

Membrane technology as the most promising method has potential in the biofuel production process as a highly selective and energy-saving separation process.

Table of Contents 1 Basic principles Definition Historical development Raw materials, production and quality control of fly ash Raw materials Production Monitoring and certification Material properties of fly ash Mineral and chemical composition Physical parameters Environmental and health compatibility 2 Effect of fly ash in concrete Book Edition: 2.

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Selective Oxidation by Heterogeneous Catalysis covers one of the major areas of industrial petrochemical production, outlining open questions and new opportunities. It gives keys for the interpretation and analysis of data and design of new catalysts and.

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In the latest Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO), the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) forecasts that decreases in natural gas consumption in the United States in will be driven by declines in natural gas used in the industrial, commercial, and residential sectors.

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Coal-fired power plants are usually about 30% efficient, while natural gas is about 35% efficient in a simple cycle plant, or about 60% efficient in a combined-cycle plant (where hot, low-pressure flue gases from a gas turbine are sent to a waste-heat boiler to make steam to drive a steam turbine).

So the above energy balance needs to be. For Steam cracking, Naphtha or Ethane/Propane (from Natural gas) are major feed-stocks. While Naphtha cracking gives Ethylene and Propylene in the ratio ofGas cracking gives a ratio of approximatelythus hardly any Propylene is produced in Gas cracking.

Gold Nanoparticles as Selective and Concentrating Probes for Samples in MALDI MS Analysis; Use of electrochemical microscopy to examine counterion ejection from Nafion coatings on electrodes; Energy Loss Function of Solids Assessed by Ion Beam Energy-Loss Measurements: Practical Application to.

The book starts by an introduction, followed by a chapter about oil as a source of energy and raw materials, and a chapter covering the industrial chemistry of synthesis gas. The main four chapters of the book are devoted to the industrial chemistry of ethylene, propylene, butenes 5/5(5).

The market prices of these raw materials historically have been related to the price of crude oil, NGLs and natural gas, as well as market conditions for the raw materials.

These raw materials are. The life cycle of mining begins with exploration, continues through production, and ends with closure and postmining land use. New technologies can benefit the mining industry and consumers in all stages of this life cycle.

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